GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO: 4088
ANSWERED ON: 04.01.2019
Generation of Waste
KALIKESH NARAYAN SINGH DEO
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:-
(a) the details of the total quantum of waste generated per year since the last five years in the country, State/UT-wise;
(b) the details of waste collected and treated out of total quantity of waste generated in a year;
(c) whether the Government has introduced any state-of-the-art technological innovation in order to productively treat waste collected in thecountry;
(d) if so, the details of such innovation thereof; and
(e) whether the Government conducts any awareness events in order to educate the citizens on hazards associated with different types of wastes and effective management of the same and if so, the details thereof?
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(DR. MAHESH SHARMA)
(a)&(b) According to Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), 52.9 Million Tonne per Annum (MTPA) of solid waste is generated in the country,out of which 46% is processed. The State/UT-wise details are annexed.As per estimates by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)0.18MTPA of Bio-medical waste (BMW) is generated in the country, out of which 97% is treated. Further, 7.17 MTPA of hazardous waste is generated, out of which 91% is recycled or treated and 25,940 tons of plastic waste is generated.
(c)&(d) The Government had comprehensively revised and notified the waste management rules in 2016 onhazardouswaste, E-waste, solid waste, plastic waste, construction & demolition waste and bio-medical waste. The rules emphasize on recycle and recovery and provide for technological options for management of such wastes. The recycler/ operator/ generator may opt for any recycling/ resource recovery or technological options, after due evaluation by concerned authorities viz. State Pollution Control Boards/Committees, Central Pollution Control Board, Local Bodies.
The CPCB in its guidelines for collection, segregation & disposal of plastic waste has prescribed for technology solutions including utilization of plastic waste in road construction, co-processing in Cement Kilns, conversion of plastic waste into liquid RDF (Oil) and disposal of plastic waste through Plasma Pyrolysis Technology.
Similarly, the BMW Management Rules, 2016 prescribes incineration, plasma pyrolysis, autoclave/microwave/hydro clave, combination of sterilization & shredding, dry heat sterilization as treatment technologies for category-specific disposal of bio-medical waste.
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) is undertaking research and development projects for e-waste recycling/recovery and has set up following demonstration/ pilot projects:
• Demonstration plant at Bangalore on “Environmentally Sound Methods for Recovery of Metals from Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) – Phase II”operated by Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Hyderabad and E-Parisara, Bangalore.
• Pilot plant at National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur involving physical separation and chemical leaching methods for recycling/recovery of electronic waste;
• Demonstration plant at Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology (CIPET), Bhubaneswar on converting plastics from e-waste to virgin master batch for use in value added products. The process is capable of converting about 76% of waste plastic into master batch.
(e) The Government of India hosted the World Environment Day (WED) on June 05, 2018. The theme of WED 2018 was ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’. Various awareness activities including beach and river clean-ups, exhibitions and school programmes were organized during the event. Further, under the scheme of “Creation of Management Structure for Hazardous Substances”, the Ministry provides financial assistance under for organizing awareness programs and capacity building activities for all waste management rules. Till date,20 Capacity-building programmes and regional consultations have been conducted on waste management rules.